Our History

  • Prior to becoming the Duke Health Integrated Practice in July of 2023, the phyisican practice of Duke Health existed as the Private Diagnostic Clinic, which was founded in 1931, in part, to support the recruitment of medical faculty to establish a group practice of medicine focused on the diagnosis of medical problems. 

Images and information courtesy of Duke Medical Center Library and Archives



The Duke Department of Medicine was founded in 1930.   The first chairman of the department was Dr. Harold L. Amoss who served from 1930 to 1933. 

Leadership of the Duke Department of Medicine:

  • Harold L. Amoss, 1930-1933
  • Frederick M. Hanes, 1933-1946
  • Eugene A. Stead, Jr., 1947-1967
  • James Wyngaarden, 1967-1982
  • David T. Durack, Acting, 1982-1983
  • Joseph C. Greenfield, 1983-1995
  • Barton Haynes, 1995-2003
  • Pascal J. Goldschmidt, 2003-2006
  • Harvey J. Cohen, Interim, 2006-2007
  • Harvey J. Cohen, 2007-2010
  • Mary E. Klotman, 2010-2017
  • Joseph G. Rogers, Interim, 2017-2021
  • Kathy Cooney, 2021-present


The Duke Department of OB/GYN was founded in 1930. The first full-time chairman of the department was F. Bayard Carter who served from 1931-1964.

Leadership of the Duke Department of OB/GYN:

  • Robert A. Ross, Acting, 1930-1931
  • F. Bayard Carter, 1931-1964
  • Roy T. Parker, 1964-1980
  • Charles Hammond, 1980-2002
  • Haywood Brown, 2002-2017
  • Matthew D. Barber, 2017-Present


The Duke Department of Pediatrics was founded in 1930.  The founding chairman was Dr. Wilburt C. Davison who served from 1930 to 1954.

Leadership of the Duke Department of Pediatrics:

  • Wilburt C. Davison, 1930-1954
  • Jerome S. Harris, 1954-1968
  • Samuel L. Katz, 1968-1990
  • Michael M. Frank, 1990-2004
  • Dennis A. Clements, Interim, 2004-2005
  • Joseph W. St. Geme, III, 2005-2013
  • Ira M. Cheifetz, Interim, 2013-2014
  • Ann M. Reed, 2014-present


Chairs of the Department of Pathology:

  • Wiley D. Forbus, 1930-1960
  • Thomas D. Kinney, 1960-1975
  • Robert D. Jennings, 1975-1989
  • John Shelburne, Interim, 1989-1991
  • Salvatore Pizzo, 1991-2015
  • David N. Howell, Interim, 2015-2016
  • Jiaoti Huang, 2016-present


The Duke Department of Radiology was founded in 1930.  The first chairman of the department was Dr. Robert J. Reeves who served from 1930 to 1965.

Leadership of the Duke Department of Radiology:

  • Robert J. Reeves, 1930-1965
  • Richard G. Lester, 1965-1977
  • Charles E. Putman, 1977-1985
  • Carl E. Ravin, 1985-2008
  • George Bisset, 2008-2010 (interim)
  • Geoffrey Rubin, 2010-2013
  • Erik Paulson, 2013-present


The Duke Department of Surgery was founded in 1930. The first chairman was Dr. Julian Deryl Hart who served from 1930 to 1960.

Leadership of the Duke Department of Surgery:

  • Julian Deryl Hart, 1930-1960
  • Clarence E. Gardner, Jr., 1960-1964
  • David C. Sabiston, 1964-1994
  • Robert Anderson, 1994-2003
  • Danny Jacobs, 2003-2014
  • Allan D. Kirk, 2014-present


The PDC was initiated by Dr. Julian Deryl Hart and Dr. Frederic Moir Hanes on September 15, 1931 as an independent, for-profit group practice affiliated with Duke Hospital and Duke University

The University created this arrangement, in part, to help recruit more faculty while permit them to engage in private practice, and to address North Carolina state law concerns related to legal prohibitions against the corporate practice of medicine and the sharing of medical fees with non-physicians. The PDC was self-governed and not subject to University direction.


Duke surgeons, led by Dr. J. Deryl Hart, pioneer the use of ultraviolet lamps in operating rooms to eliminate infectious organisms that cause post-operative Staph infections. This procedure dramatically reduces the number of infections and related deaths.  Photo shows the clothing worn by doctors during surgery to protect from ultraviolent lights. 


Dr. Joseph Beard developed a vaccine against equine encephalomyelitis.


Duke physicians establish the nation's first brain tumor program, launching what will become one of the world's foremost cancer programs.


Expansion of PDC facilities became necessary. The PDC divided itself between the medical specialties (pediatrics, medicine and psychiatry) and surgical specialties (OB/GYN, surgery, ophthalmology). These divisions permitted each to develop its clinics for both diagnosis and treatment.


From 1944 to 1945, the 65th General Hospital, comprised of Duke physician faculty, alumni and current house staff, was stationed at Redgrave Park in Suffolk, England. There staff handled a constant stream of front-line casualties from heavy bomber crews, acute diseases and emergency cases, and acted as a specialty center for neurosurgery, thoracic and plastic surgery, burns, and hand injuries. The unit treated more than 17,000 patients during its time abroad.  Learn more at: http://digitaldukemed.mc.duke.edu/sixty-fifth/introduction.html


Duke pediatrician Jay Arena leads the push for drug companies to develop the child-proof safety cap for medicine bottles.


The Duke Department of Psychiatry was established in 1951 and was called the Department of Neuropsychiatry.  It was renamed the Department of Psychiatry in 1951, and in 1994 renamed the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.   

Leadership of the Duke Department of Psychiatry:

  • Richard S. Lyman, 1940-1951
  • Hans Lowenbach, 1951-1953
  • Ewald W. Busse, 1953-1974
  • H. Keith H. Brodie, 1974-1982
  • Jeffrey L. Houpt, Interim, 1982-1983
  • Bernard J. Carroll, 1983-1990
  • Dan Blazer, Interim, 1990-1992
  • Allen J. Frances, 1992-1998
  • Ranga R. Krishnan, 1998-2009
  • Marvin Swartz, Interim, 2009-2010
  • Holly Lisanby, 2010-2015
  • Richard Weiner, Interim, 2015-2016
  • Moira Rynn, 2016-Present


Psychiatrist Ewald W. Busse establishes the Duke University Center for Aging, the first research center of its kind in the nation. Now the oldest continuously running aging center in the United States, the Duke Center for Aging has pioneered long-term studies of health problems among the elderly.


Buildings housing outpatient and PDC clinics, including Hanes and Reed private floors and operating rooms, opened.


Duke physicians develop a machine that lowers patients' blood temperatures below 68 degrees Fahrenheit and is the first to place a patient under this deep hypothermia during open-heart surgery.


The Duke Department of Ophthalmology was founded in 1965.  It had been a division of the Department of Surgery since 1930. The founding chairman was Dr. Joseph A.C. Wadsworth who served from 1965-1978.

Leadership of the Duke Department of Ophthalmology:

  • Joseph A. C. Wadsworth, 1965-1978
  • Robert Machemer, 1978-1991
  • Banks Anderson, Jr., Interim, 1991-1992
  • David Epstein, 1992-2014
  • Edward Buckley, Interim, 2014-2015
  • Edward Buckley, 2015-present


The Duke Department of Community and Family Medicine was founded in 1966.  The first chairman of the department was Dr. E. Harvey Estes who served from 1966 to 1985. Click to learn more about the origins of the department.

The Department was established as the Department of Community Health Sciences. The name changed in 1979.


  • E. Harvey Estes, 1966-1985
  • George R. Parkerson, Jr., 1985-1994
  • J. Lloyd Michener, 1994-2016
  • Anthony Viera, 2016-Present


The Duke Department of Anesthesiology was founded in 1970.  The first chairman was Merel H. Harmel who served from 1970-1983.  

Leadership of the Department of Anesthesiology

  • Merel H. Harmel, 1970-1983
  • W. David Watkins, 1983-1990
  • Joseph G. Reves, Interim, 1990-1991
  • Joseph G. Reves, 1991-2001
  • Mark Newman, 2001-2014
  • Joseph P. Mathew, Interim, 2014-2015
  • Joseph P. Mathew, 2015-present


The PDC, with its 255 physician partners, established a formal operating agreement that outlines the benefits that the PDC and University provide to one another, and establishes a financial structure that advances medical teaching and research.  This Operating Agreement has been amended but is largely still in place today. 


Duke physicians conduct the first human clinical trials of AZT, the first drug to offer a substantial improvement in quality of life for AIDS patients.


Duke researchers discover a gene that increases people's risk of developing the most common kind of Alzheimer's disease, showing for the first time that it can be inherited.


The Duke Department of Radiation Oncology was founded in 1991. The first chairman of the department was Dr. Leonard Prosnitz who served from 1991-1996. 

Leadership of the Duke Department of Radiation Oncology:

  • Leonard Prosnitz, 1991-1996
  • Edward Halperin, 1996-2003
  • Leonard Prosnitz, Interim, 2003-2004
  • Christopher G. Willett, 2004-present


Duke develops the nation's first outpatient bone marrow transplantation program.  READ MORE 


Duke scientists generate the first clear images of the human lung using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The new technique could greatly aid diagnosis and treatment of lung disorders such as emphysema and asthma


The PDC eliminated the two divisions and became a centralized group practice and expanded the Board of Managers to include at-large physician partners, in addition to department chairs.


The PDC became a professional limited liability partnership with approximately 830 partners.


Dermatology became a department at Duke in 2009.  It had been a division of the Department of Medicine since 1946.   Russell P. Hall was the founding chair of the department.  In 2023, the department is chaired by Dr. Suphey Chen.


PDC elects its first President, Dr. Carl Ravin to one five-year term.


The Duke Department of Orthopaedic Surgery was founded in 2010.  Previously it was been a division of the Department of Surgery since in 1930.  WATCH TO LEARN MORE

Leadership of the Duke Department of Orthopaedic Surgery:

  • James A. Nunley, Interim, 2010-2013
  • Benjamin A. Alman, 2013-present


The Duke Department of Neurology was founded in 2013.  The current and founding chairman of the department is Dr. Richard O'Brien.


Dr. Mark Newman, former chair of the Department of Anesthesiology, is elected PDC President.


PDC produces a strategic plan that provides direction and focus for the next three years.  The plan represents a consolidation of the priorities and strategies detailed in the strategic plans of the 15 clinical departments, and is intended to create stronger alignment with the Duke University Health System. Learn more about the PDC Strategic Plan: https://pdc.epicenter1.com/about-us/strategic-goals